Wednesday, December 14, 2011

Traditional House Of Jambi

Inner man is one of the tribe in Jambi Province. Until now people still retain Inner customs handed down by their ancestors, even relics of the old buildings can still enjoy its beauty and is still used today.

The legend says that the mind is derived from 60 tumbi (family) who moved from Koto Rayo. To 60 families this is what is the origin of Marga Inner V, with 5 villages of origin. So Inner V Marga area that means a collection of five hamlets that came from the same village. The five hamlets are Semayo Cape estuary, alternately Hamlet, Hamlet Kapok, Aro Island Hamlet, and Hamlet Clear Estuary. Margo Inner Region V has entered the Veil of the District, with its capital in Overseas Long, Bangko Sorolangun District.

At first people lived Inner group, consisting of five groups that make up the five hamlets of origin. A mind that one of the township is still intact up to now is a village in the Overseas Long Lamo. The houses there are built separately lengthwise, spaced about 2 m, facing the street. Behind the house was built granaries to store rice.

In general, the Inner livelihood is farming, both in the fields or in fields. In addition, they also gardening, looking for forest products, gold panning, and fishing in the river.

Forms Home

Dwelling house called the Inner or Kajang Lako House Lamo. Lamo ridge shape as a boat house with upper ridge tip curved upward. Lamo-shaped ward house typology, rectangular with a length of 12 m and width of 9 m. Rectangular shape is intended to facilitate preparation of the room adjusted to its function, and influenced by Islamic law.

As a residential building, Lamo house consists of several parts, the ridge / roof, rafter form, walls, doors / windows, pillars, floors, stocking screen, penteh, pelamban, and stairs.

The ridge / roof also commonly referred to as 'elephant drunk,' taken from a home maker who was then being deeply in love but do not get the blessing of his parents. Ridge form also called folding awning, or cut jerambah. The roof is made of woven fibers mengkuang or later folded in half. From the side, roof Lamo look triangular. Forms the roof like it was meant to facilitate the descent of water when it rained, facilitate air circulation, and storing goods.

The shape is the roof rafters are located at the top side up. Rafter form in front of and behind the house, sloping shape, serves to prevent water entering the event of rain. Kasou shape made of 60 cm and width along the ridge.

Wall / home masinding Lamo made of planks, while the door was composed of three kinds. The third door is the door upright, masinding door and back door crosswise. Doors portrait at the left end of the building, serves as the entrance. Doors portrait made low so that everyone who entered the house must bow their heads as a sign of respect to the owner of the house. Masinding door serves as a window, located in the living room. This door can be used to look down, as time progresses ventilation especially at traditional ceremonies, and to enabling people who are under to find out whether the traditional ceremony has been started or not. The door behind the transverse is contained in the window behind the transverse pole. The door was used by indigenous leaders, scholars, ninik mamak, and the intelligentsia.

The number of pole houses Lamo is 30 consists of 24 poles and 6 poles palamban. The main mast is installed in the form of six, each with a length of 4.25 m. The main pillar serves as a bottom pole (stick) and a pole frame buildings.

Lamo village custom home floor in the Overseas Long, Edinburgh, made bartingkat. The first level is called the main floor, the floor contained in the space behind the cross. In a traditional ceremony, the room can not be occupied by any person as devoted to traditional leaders. The main floor is made from parts of bamboo woven with rattan. Hereinafter referred to as ordinary floor level. The floor in the room behind menalam usual, ordinary living room, a room gaho, and pelamban.

Stocking screen, serves as a wall and cover the upper chamber. To withstand water splashed rain, there is at the end of the left and right top of the building. The material used is the board.

Penteh, is a place to store is located at the top of the building.

The next part of the house is pelamban, the leading part of the house at the end of the left. Pelamban an outbuilding / like a terrace. According to local custom, pelamban used as a waiting room for guests who have not been allowed through.

As performance spaces, houses the mind has two kinds of stairs. The first is the main staircase, the staircase located on the right pelamban. The second is penteh ladder, used to ride into penteh.

Composition and Function Rooms

Kajang Lako consists of 8 rooms, including pelamban, gaho space, masinding room, living room, behind the transverse space, the space behind the menalam, the upper room / penteh, and basement / Bauman.

The so-called pelamban is part of the building located to the left of the main building. The floor was made of split bamboo that has been preserved and mounted somewhat rare to ease water flows downward.

Gaho space is a space located on the left end of the building with the longitudinal direction. In space there gaho kitchen space, the space where water and space to store.

Masinding vestibule space is related to masinding. In the customary deliberation, this room is used for seating ordinary people. This space is exclusively for men.

The middle room is a space in the middle of the building. Between the living room with space masinding not use the wall. At the time of implementation of the traditional ceremony, the hall was occupied by women.

Another room in the residence of mind is the room or space in behind menalam. Portions of this room is the dining room, parents bedroom, and the girl child's bedroom.

Next is the space behind the Malintang. This space is located at the right end of the building overlooking the living room and space masinding. Floor of this room is made higher than the other rooms, as it is considered as the main room. This room is not occupied by anyone. The amount of space behind the transverse is 2x9 m, together with space gaho.

The house has room for Lamo also called penteh. This room is located on top of buildings, used for storing goods. In addition to the upper chamber, there is also a basement or Bauman. This space is floored and walled, used for storing, cooking at a party, as well as other activities.

Variety of Ornamental

Residential buildings are decorated with some of the Inner decoration shaped motif carvings. Decorative motif there is a flora (plants) and fauna (animals).

Floral motif used in the decorative motifs include Bunge headland, mangosteen calyx motive, and motive Bunge oranges.

Bunge motifs inscribed on the front of the promontory masinding. Mangosteen calyx motif also in front masinding and above the door, being outside rasuk orange Bunge (belandar) and above the door. Decorative floral motifs created with color.

Third decorative motif is meant to beautify the building form and as an illustration that there are many plants.

The fauna motifs used in decoration is a fish motif. Decorative fish is shaped into the form distilir leaves are equipped with a form of fish scales. Fish motif made colorless and inscribed on the sill and behind the transverse gaho.

B. Tuo home
Identity House Tuo

Edinburgh had been in times of troubled search for identity. In fact, the governor must hold the contest to make sure what kind custom home country to serve as identity "Jambi Sepucuk Lurah Nine" is.

Edinburgh is rather unique compared to other areas in the archipelago. If many other areas of traditional houses began to disappear along with the progress of time, the community was enjoying the euphoria of Jambi just build houses traditional architecture.

Actually, this excitement started in the 1970s, when the Government of Jambi Province establish the concept of home architecture that characterizes Jambi. Form a clear picture of the custom homes we can find when they travel to the Governor's Office complex in Telanaipura Jambi, Jambi City.

Just at the right side of the office buildings we will find the traditional house-poster, black, complete with goat horns crossed into the end of the roof. Buildings with this architecture is the result of the contest won by one of the architects, who are also local officials.

In search of a compass in the oldest settlement in Edinburgh recently, data showed that this is where the real identity of Edinburgh through their communal house parted. These settlements are located in the hamlet of Kampung Baru, Village Overseas Long, District Veil, Merangin District, Jambi.

Still there are the 60's old custom house about 600 years there. The oldest settlement was surrounded by hundreds of a kind custom home, but the age of the houses are much younger. Very impressive, how local people still appreciate the legacy of indigenous ancestry.

Jambi is identical with custom homes Old Malay. In the house illustrated on human relations in a nuclear family, extended family, and society. There is respect for elders nini, guarantee protection for the children, living in affluent families, and social harmony in society. Here, the ethic of life is highly valued.

The oldest house there called Tuo's house Amra Umar (67), a descendant of the 13th of Undup Pinang Cook. He was one of the ancient royal Malay Village Kuto exodus of Rayo, the Veil. The house is still strong despite the colonnaded pillars and wooden frame of Kulim, a very tough meat, it has been 600 years old.

According to the owner, this house was once built on mutual aid agreements and the results of all family members. "There are 19 families an escape from Kuto Rayo which together build this house. Having finished one house, they together build another house. And so on until completely built 19 houses," he explained.

The agreement specifies 20 pole ancestors dipancang to establish a home. The roof was originally from sago palm leaves, but has now changed its zinc. Below the house so storage of firewood for cooking and the cattle.

Widened tuo home looks from the face, with three large windows are always opened its owner until the afternoon. So NEATLY their ancestors, to the extent that ethics is regulated through the window arrangement.

Ethics visiting governed by customary law. Guests who visit will go into the house through the stairs on the right. For guests who are still single, calling a boy is not married who want to visit, just to sit to the far right window boundary. That is, he just may sit closest to the entrance and must not be more into again.

While that may sit a little deeper, at least up to the limit of the second window, is the servant of a large family of aliases have family ties with the homeowner. That can go into the house it is up to the men who had been married and women.

Chamber transverse to the side in the far left is a special area for village elders or the guest of honor. Chamber about four feet long. At the consultation events residents, those who sit in cubicles across will be able to see all the guests, or guests who just will enter the house through the stairs.

One room

Jambi custom home has only one chamber as a bedroom. This meant there together, including at rest, also in a single room. However, most people there prefer to sleep together in the living room because it's wider.

Tuo house is built not only as a shelter, but also as a guarantee of the survival of the family and descendants. There are rice barns in the back of the house. One family can have two to three barns that hold tons of grain crops, and hold for decades. During the local community never food shortages.

A number of traditional tools are still found there. There is a bounce is made of woven rattan, used to transport crops, always carried on behind his back. Food enjoyed with the gaze, baskets of rice which is also from the webbing. While the equipment of timber trees is the mortar, and container unusual lighting they call Aladdin's lamp.

According to Rio Kasim, stakeholders, local custom, the houses built by the ancient Malay eksodan residents who previously occupied other villages in the same district. The goal is to find a safe place.

This settlement later grew. However, in its development, the community while maintaining the sustainability of the traditional house. Residents who want to build a new house also refers to the local indigenous architecture. Only wood that is no longer used because the wood is getting scarce Kulim.

But he obviously is not very different from architecture Minang custom homes, custom homes typical of Edinburgh can be found on the corner of the roof mounted horns of goats, that wooden cross facing inwards. This sign indicates the house has a spe-mamak as protector.

Amra Umar revealed that there was no desire to change the shape of her house, except to replace a zinc roof, just for reasons of practicality. "If the roof of thatch should continue to be replaced every two or three years. Zinc is more durable," he said.

He said they were proud with the house he had. The house is still firmly occupied with his wife and his children are now often the place of study among students, researchers, or local officials who want to know more about custom home Jambi.

Every time the settlements entered the old house, we seemed to go back to the past. Keklasikan houses that lined each other, complete with a way of life and traditions of its people, it's customary to give a picture of perfection will Jambi.

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