Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Rumoh Aceh

Our ancestors had to design a building that cares for the natural conditions surrounding the making earthquake-resistant homes.

Traditional Acehnese house by a local resident called rumoh Aceh. The shape is uniform, ie rectangular elongated from east to west. That said, the location of the elongated was chosen to facilitate the determination of the direction of Qibla.
In terms of carvings, rumoh Aceh in every district in Aceh province is not the same. They each have different kinds of carving.

According to Mohammad Isa, villagers Lamsiem, the current number of traditional houses in the village will be decreasing because of the cost required to make rumoh Aceh is far more expensive than building a regular house / modern. Treatment cost was no less drain bag.

Residents who mostly live as a worker, ultimately chose to build a modern home. Such fact has happened since 30 years ago.

Whereas in the past the majority of residents in residential average live in traditional houses made of wood and thatched it. Even those who were well off, decorate the house with wood carvings and other ornaments. Meanwhile, residents who live hand to mouth, enough wood to build houses without carvings and ornaments.

Not surprising, because up until the 1980s people were still easy to get wood so that the cost to build affordable rumoh Aceh at that time. However, the current cost to build a traditional house has been doubled from the cost of a modern home.

The main components

Although in each district / city details are different, rumoh Aceh in general have the same main components. The main components rumoh Aceh was revealed in the book Cultural Communities in Aceh. The components are:

Seuramou-keu-(front porch), namely the room which serves to receive male guests, and is located at the front of the house. This room is also both a bed and dining room men.

-Seuramou-likoot (back porch), the main function room is to receive female guests. It lies at the back of the house. Like the front porch, foyer can also be both a bed and dining room of women.

- Rumoh-Inong (main house), the location of this room between the front porch and back porch. Position higher than the second platform. Main house is divided into two rooms. Both are separated from the alley or also called vine that connects the front porch and back porch.

- Rumoh-Dapu (kitchen), usually the location of the kitchen adjacent to or connected with the back porch. The floor is slightly lower than the floor back porch.

- Seulasa (terrace), terrace house situated in the very front. Patio attached to the front porch.

- Kroong-padee (rice granary), was separated from the main building, but still in the yard of the house. It lies to the rear, side, or even in front of the house.

- Keupaleh (gate), this fact does not include the general characteristics due to the use of gates in general rich people's homes or community leaders. The gate was made of wood and on it dipayungi booth.

- Tamee (pole), the power pole is a major cornerstone of this traditional house. Round-shaped wooden pole with a diameter of 20-35 cm 150-170 cm tall it could amount to 16, 20, 24, or 28 rods. The existence of these poles facilitate the process of moving house without having to unpack.

In the past, Aceh rumoh roof made of thatch. In case of fire, thatched roof that can be derived simply by cutting one of the straps are made of rattan or palm fiber.

First, in front of the stairs to the house, usually terdepat jars. This thing serves to store water for washing the feet of each going into the house.

One part is also important to rumoh Aceh is the ladder. Typically, the staircase is located under the house. Everyone should be headed in the door with my head so open and able to enter.

The number of the steps, always odd. One more typical of rumoh Aceh is the building made without nails.

To associate a block of wood with each other enough to use pegs or straps of rattan or palm fiber. Most of the people of Aceh, sometimes also makes the yard as a place of burial.

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